Skip to main content

Draw Solutions for Forward Osmosis

Draw Solutions for Forward Osmosis

We are formulating effective draw agents for use in water extraction by forward osmosis, such as co-polymers and surfactants, which confer high osmotic pressure, low toxicity and low viscosity, and can be recovered at low energy.

Prof. Hankins


Muhammad Adnan, Sher Jamal Khan, Kamran Manzoor, Nicholas P. Hankins: Performance Evaluation of Fertilizer Draw Solutions for Forward Osmosis Membrane Bioreactor treating Domestic Wastewater”, Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 2019, 127, 133-140.

M.S. Siddique, S.J. Khan, M.A. Shahzad, M. S. Nawaz and N. Hankins: “Insight into the Effect of Organic and Inorganic Draw Solutes on the Flux Stability and Sludge Characteristics in the Osmotic Membrane Bioreactor”, Bioresource Technology, 2018, 249, 758-766.

Gabriela Gadelha, Muhammad Saqib Nawaz, Nicholas P. Hankins, Sher Jamal Khan, Rong Wang and Chuyang Y Tang: “Assessment of Micellar Draw Solutions for Forward Osmosis”, Desalination. 2014, 354, 97-106.