# Publications

## Publications

### Journal Papers

Burd, H.J. & Wilde, G.S. (2016) Finite element modelling of radial lentotomy cuts to improve the accommodation performance of the human lens. Graefe’s Archive for Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. (in press)

Reilly, M.A., Martius, P., Kumar, S., Burd, H.J. & Stachs, O. (2016) The mechanical response of the porcine lens to a spinning test. Zeitschrift für Medizinische Physik (in press)

Dong, Y., Burd, H., & Houlsby, G. (2015). Finite-element analysis of a deep excavation case history. Geotechnique (in press)

Doherty, P., Igoe, D., Murphy, G., Gavin, K., Preston, J., McAvoy, C., Byrne, B., McAdam, R., Burd, H., & Houlsby, G. (2015). Field validation of fibre Bragg grating sensors for measuring strain on driven steel piles. Geotechnique Letters, 5 (April,June), 74-79.

Cortes, L.P., Burd, H.J., Montenegro, G.A., D'Antin, J.C., Mikielewicz, M., Barraquer, R.I., & Michael, R. (2015). Experimental protocols for ex vivo lens stretching tests to investigate the biomechanics of the human accommodation apparatus Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 56 (5), 2926-2932.

Burd, H., & Regueiro, R. (2015). Finite element implementation of a multiscale model of the human lens capsule. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, 14(6), 1363-1378.

Chai, C.K., Burd, H.J., & Wilde, G.S. (2012). Shear modulus measurements on isolated human lens nuclei. Experimental Eye Research, 103, 78-81.

Wilde, G.S., Burd, H.J. & Judge, S.J. (2011). Shear modulus data for the human lens determined from a spinning lens test. Experimental Eye Research, 97(1), 36-48 (Open access)

Burd, H.J., Wilde, G.S., & Judge, S.J. (2011). An improved spinning lens test to determine the stiffness of the human lens. Experimental Eye Research, 92 (1), 28-39. (Open access)

Pickhaver, J.A., Burd, H.J., & Houlsby, G.T. (2010). An equivalent beam method to model masonry buildings in 3D finite element analysis. Computers and Structures, 88 (19-20), 1049-1063.

Burd, H. J. (2009). A structural constitutive model for the human lens capsule. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, 8 (3), 217-231.

Chapman, D.N., Rogers, C.D.F., Burd, H.J., Norris, P.M., & Milligan, G.W.E. (2007). Research needs for new construction using trenchless technologies. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 22 (5-6), 491-502.

Burd, H.J., Wilde, G.S. and Judge, S.J. (2006) Can reliable values of Young's modulus be deduced from Fisher's (1971) spinning lens measurements? Vision Research, 46(8-9), 1346-1360.

Augarde, C.E., Burd, H.J., & Houlsby, G.T. (2005). The influence of building weight on tunnelling-induced ground and building deformation. Soils and Foundations, 45 (4), 166-167.

Wisser, C., Augarde, C.E. & Burd, H.J. (2005) Numerical modelling of compensation grouting above shallow tunnels. Int. J. Analyt. Meth. Geomechanics, 29(5) 443-471

Judge, S.J. and Burd, H.J. (2004) The MRI data of Strenk et al. do not suggest lens compression in the unaccommodated state. Electronic letter to:

Susan A. Strenk, Lawrence M. Strenk, John L. Semmlow, and J. Kevin DeMarco

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study of the Effects of Age and Accommodation on the Human Lens Cross-Sectional Area. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2004; 45: 539-545

Judge, S.J. & Burd, H.J. (2002) Modelling the mechanics of accommodation and presbyopia. Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 22, 397-300

Burd, H.J., Judge, S.J. & Cross, J.A. (2002) Numerical modelling of the accommodating lens. Vision Research 42, 2235-2251

Augarde, C.E., & Burd, H.J. (2001) Three-dimensional finite element analysis of lined tunnels. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 25 (3), 243-262.

Burd, H.J., Houlsby, G.T, Augarde, C.E, and Liu, G (2000) Modelling Tunnelling-Induced Settlement of Masonry Buildings. Proc. ICE, Geotechnical Engineering, 143, 17-29 ISSN 1353 2618

Burd, H.J. and Frydman, S (1999) Discussion on ‘The bearing capacity of footings on a sand layer overlying soft clay’ by MJ Kenny and KZ Andrawes. Geotechnique 49(4), 554-555

Burd, H.J., Judge, S.J. and Flavell, M.J. (1999) Mechanics of accommodation of the human eye. Vision Research 39, 1591-1595

Burd, H.J. and Milligan, G.W.E. (1999) Improved design of concrete jacking pipes. No Dig International, 10(4), 19-23. (ISSN 0960-4405)

Frydman, S. and Burd, H.J. (1998) Reply to discussion of "Numerical Studies of the Bearing Capacity Factor" Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, 124(5) 466.

Kim, S.H., Burd, H.J. and Milligan, G.W.E. (1998) Model Testing of Closely Spaced Tunnels in Clay. Geotechnique 48(3), 375-388, ISSN 0016-8505

Frydman, S. and Burd, H.J. (1997) Numerical Studies of the Bearing Capacity Factor. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE ,123(1), 20-29. ISSN1090-0241

Burd, H.J. and Frydman, S. (1997) Bearing Capacity of Plane-Strain Footings on Layered Soils. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 34, [pdf available]

Burd, H.J. (1996) Analysis of Membrane Action in Reinforced Unpaved Roads. Reply to discussion by R.A. Douglas, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 33, 843-845.

Burd, H.J. and Frydman, S. (1996) Discussion on Bearing Capacity of Footings Over Two-Layer Foundation Soils by Michalowski, R.L. and Shi, L. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, 122(8), 699-700. ISSN 0733-9410.

Burd, H.J. (1995) Analysis of Membrane Action in Reinforced Unpaved Roads. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 32(6), 946-956

Yu, H.S., Houlsby, G.T. and Burd, H.J. (1993) A Novel Isoparametric Finite Element Displacement Formulation for Axisymmetric Analysis of Nearly Incompressible Materials. International Journal of Numerical Methods on Engineering, 36(14), 2453-2472

Bell, R.W., Houlsby, G.T. and Burd, H.J. (1993) Suitability of Two and Three Dimensional Finite Elements for Modelling Material Incompressibility Using Exact Integration. Communications in Applied Numerical Methods in Engineering, 9(4), 313-329

Burd, H.J. and Houlsby, G.T. (1990) Finite Element Analysis of Two Cylindrical Expansion Problems Involving Near Incompressible Material Behaviour. International Journal Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 14, 351-366

Milligan, G.W.E., Jewell, R.A., Houlsby, G.T. and Burd, H.J. (1989) A New Approach to the Design of Unpaved Roads: Part II, Ground Engineering, 22( 8), 37-42

Houlsby, G.T., Milligan, G.W.E., Jewell, R.A. and Burd, H.J. (1989) A New Approach to the Design of Unpaved Roads: Part I. Ground Engineering, 22(3), April, 25-29, Corrigendum: Ground Engineering, 22(5) July, 26

Hermann, S. and Burd, H.J. (1988) An Instrumented Field Test of a Reinforced Steep Embankment. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 7, 293-308

Love, J.P, Burd, H.J., Milligan, G.W.E. and Houlsby, G.T. (1987) Analytical and Model Studies of Reinforcement of a Layer of Granular Fill on a Soft Clay Subgrade. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 24(4), 611-622

Burd, H.J. and Houlsby, G.T. (1986) A Large Strain Finite Element Formulation for One Dimensional Membrane Elements. Computers and Geotechnics, 2(1) 3-22

### Conference papers

Zdravkovic, L., Taborda, D.M.G., Potts, D.M., Jardine, R.J., Sideri, M., Schroeder, F.C., Byrne, B.W., McAdam, R., Burd, H.J., Houlsby, G.T., Martin, C.M., Gavin, K., Doherty, P., Igoe, D., Muir Wood, A., Kellehave, D., & Skov Gretlund, J. (2015). Numerical modelling of large diameter piles under lateral loading for offshore wind applications Proc. 3rd International Symposium on Frontiers in Offshore Geotechnics (ISFOG 2015), 1, 759-764.

Dong, Y.P., Burd, H.J., & Houlsby, G.T. (2015). Investigation of the influence of soil-structure interface properties on the performance of deep excavations. Proc. XVI ECSMGE Geotechnical Engineering for Infrastructure and Development, 925-930.

Byrne, B.W., McAdam, R., Burd, H.J., Houlsby, G.T., Martin, C.M., Zdravkovic, L., Taborda, D.M.G., Potts, D.M., Jardine, R.J., Sideri, M., Schroeder, F.C., Gavin, K., Doherty, P., Igoe, D., Muir Wood, A., Kellehave, D., & Skov Gretlund, J. (2015). New design methods for large diameter piles under lateral loading for offshore wind applications. Proc. 3rd International Symposium on Frontiers in Offshore Geotechnics (ISFOG 2015), 1, 705-710.

Byrne, B.W., McAdam, R., Burd, H.J., Houlsby, G.T., Martin, C.M., Gavin, K., Doherty, P., Igoe, D., Zdravkovic, L., Taborda, D.M.G., Potts, D.M., Jardine, R.J., Sideri, M., Schroeder, F.C., Muir Wood, A., Kellehave, D., & Skov Gretlund, J. (2015). Field testing of large diameter piles under lateral loading for offshore wind applications. Proc. XVI ECSMGE Geotechnical Engineering for Infrastructure and Development, 1255-1260.

Burd, H.J. (2014) Mechanical performance of the lens capsule in accommodation. Acta Opthalmologica 92(S253), Sept. 2014

Dong, Y., Burd, H., Houlsby, G., & Hou, Y. (2014). Advanced finite element analysis of a complex deep excavation case history in Shanghai. Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering, 8 (1), 93-100.

Dong, Y., Burd, H., & Houlsby, G. (2014). Settlements of buildings and buried pipelines induced by adjacent deep excavation in Shanghai soft ground. Geotechnical Aspects of Underground Construction in Soft Ground, 369.

Pinilla, L., Burd, H., Montenegro, G., Mikielewicz, M., Barraquer, R., & Michael, R. (2013). Comparison of different techniques to evaluate the biomechanics of the accommodative apparatus in human eyes. Acta Ophthalmologica, 91 (s252), 0-0.

Dong, Y., Burd, H., Houlsby, G., & Xu, Z. (2013). 3D FEM modelling of a deep excavation case history considering small-strain stiffness of soil and thermal shrinkage of concrete. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering. Chicago, USA.

Burd, H.J. (2012). A multi-scale model for the mechanics of the human lens capsule. 8th European Solid Mechanics Conference, Graz, Austria. (Abstract no. 72674).

Reilly, M.A., Martius, P., Burd, H.J., Stachs, O., & Guthoff, R. (2011). A spinning device for the mechanical characterization of soft tissues and polymers. AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings

Wilde, G.S., Burd, H.J., & Judge, S.J. (2009). Age-related changes in human lens stiffness data. ARVO (Fort Lauderdale: Abstract 6136).

Wilde, G.S., Judge, S.J., & Burd, H.J. (2008). Measurement of lens stiffness using a spinning lens test. ARVO (Fort Lauderdale: Abstract 3785).

Hao, T., Burd, H.J., Edwards, D.J., & Stevens, C.J. (2008). Enhanced detection of buried assets. 2008 Loughborough Antennas and Propagation Conference, LAPC (pp. 249-252).

Burd, H.J. and Judge, S.J. (2003) Numerical studies of the importance of changes in lens geometry and stiffness in causing presbyopia. (EVER Abstract). Journal for Research in Experimental and Clinical Ophthalmology, 35(1) Abstract No. 2168

Bloodworth, A.G., Houlsby, G.T., Burd, H.J. and Augarde, C.E. (2003) Three-dimensional modelling of the interaction between buildings and tunnelling operations. Response of buildings to excavation-induced ground movements. Proceedings of the international conference held at Imperial College, London, UK, on 17–18 July 2002, 189-199

Wisser, C., C.E. Augarde and H.J. Burd 2001. Three-dimensional finite element analysis of compensation grouting. Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics, Proc. IACMAG 10, Tucson, Arizona. Rotterdam:Balkema, 1731-1736.

Augarde, C.E., Wisser, C. and Burd, H.J. (1999) Numerical modelling of tunnel installation procedures. Proceedings of NUMOG VII, 329-334.

Burd, H.J, Judge, S.J. and Cross (1999) Numerical modelling of ocular accommodation. [ARVO Abstract]. Invest Opthalomology Vis Sci 1999; 40(4): Abstract no. 4678.

Houlsby, G.T. and Burd, H.J (1999) Understanding the behaviour of unpaved roads on soft clay. Proc. 12th European Conf. on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Amsterdam, June 1999, 31-44.

Burd, H.J. (1999) The history of PLAXIS. Proceedings of International Symposium - Beyond 2000 in Computational Geotechnics, Amsterdam March 1999, 35-44.

Houlsby, G.T., Burd, H.J., and Augarde, C.E. (1999) Analysis of tunnel-induced settlement damage to surface structures. Proc. 12th European Conf. on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Amsterdam, June 1999, 147-152.

Augarde, C.E., Wisser, C., & Burd, H.J. (1999). Numerical modelling of tunnel installation procedures. Numerical models in geomechanics. Proceedings of the 7th international symposium, Graz, September 1999. (pp. 329-334).

Augarde, C.E., Burd, H.J. and Houlsby, G.T. (1998) Some Experiences of Modelling Tunnelling in Soft Ground Using Three-Dimensional Finite Elements. Proc. Fourth European Conference on Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering, 603-612, Udine, Italy, 14-16 October 1998. ISBN 2-211-83141-X.

Kim, S.H., Burd, H.J. and Milligan, G.W.E. (1996) Interaction Between Closely Spaced Tunnels in Clay. Proceedings of International Conference on Geotechnical Aspects of Underground Construction in Soft Ground, London, April 1996, 543-548 ISBN 90 54 10 856 8

Augarde, C.E. Burd, H.J. and Houlsby, G.T. (1995) A Three-Dimensional Finite Element Model of Tunnelling. Proceedings of NUMOG V, Davos, Switzerland, 6-8 September 1995, 457-462.

Burd, H.J., Houlsby, G.T. Chow, L, Augarde, C.E. and Liu, G. (1994) Analysis of Settlement Damage to Masonry Structures. Proc. Third European Conference on Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering - ECONMIG 94, Manchester, UK, 7-9 September 1994, 203-208

Burd, H.J., Houlsby, G.T. and Brocklehurst, C.J. (1994) Analysis of the Use of Membranes in Oil Tank Foundations. Proc. Third European Conference on Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering - ECONMIG 94, Manchester, UK, 7-9 September 1994. 293-298.

Jewell, R.A., Burd, H.J. and Milligan, G.W.E. (1993) Predicting the Effect of Boundary Forces on the Behaviour of Reinforced Soil Walls. Proceedings of the Wroth Memorial Symposium, Predictive Soil Mechanics, Oxford, July 27-29, Thomas Telford, 378-393.

Burd, H.J. and Houlsby, G.T. (1993) Theme Report on Prediction and Performance. Proceedings of the Wroth Memorial Symposium, Predictive Soil Mechanics, Oxford, July 27-29, Thomas Telford, 38-49

Burd, H.J. and Brocklehurst, C.J. (1992) Parametric Studies of a Soil Reinforcement Problem Using Finite Element Analysis. Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics, Cairns, Australia, May 6-10 1991, 1783-1788.

Bell, R.W, Houlsby, G.T. and Burd, H.J (1991) Finite Element Analysis of Axisymmetric Footings Subjected to Combined Loads. Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics, Cairns, Australia, May 6-10 1991, 1765-1770.

Burd, H.J. and Brocklehurst, C.J. (1990) Finite Element Studies of the Mechanics of Reinforced Unpaved Roads. Proc. Conf. on Geotextiles, Geomembranes and Related Products, The Hague, Netherlands, May 1990, 217-221

Burd, H.J., Yu, H.S. and Houlsby, G.T. (1989) Finite Element Implementation of Frictional Plasticity Models with Dilation. Proc. of the International Conference on Constitutive Laws for Engineering Materials, Chongqing, China, August 11-13

Burd, H.J. and Houlsby, G.T. (1989) Numerical Modelling of Reinforced Unpaved Roads. Third International Symposium on Numerical Models in Geomechanics, Niagara Falls, May 8-11, 699-706

Oldfield, M.L.G., Burd, H.J. and Doe, N.G. (1984) Design of Wide-Bandwidth Analogue Circuits for Heat Transfer Instrumentation in Transient Tunnels. Heat and Mass Transfer in Rotating Machinery. 16th Symposium of the International Centre for Heat and Mass Transfer, Dubrovnik, 1982. Edited by D.E. Metzger and N.H. Afga, Hemisphere Publ. Corp.,1984.

### Internal Reports

Burd, H.J., Houlsby, G.T, Augarde, C.E, and Liu, G (1998) Prediction of tunnel-induced settlement damage to masonry structures. OUEL Report No. 2162/98

Holt, C.C, Milligan, G.W.E. and Burd, H.J. (1997) Prototype Testing of Improved Microtunnelling Pipes. OUEL Report No. 2151/97

Burd, H.J. and Frydman, S. (1996) Bearing Capacity of Plane Strain Footings on Layered Soils. OUEL Report No. 2072/95

Frydman, S. and Burd, H.J. (1995) Numerical Studies of the Bearing Capacity Factor Ng. OUEL Report No. 2054/95, Department of Engineering Science, Oxford University.

Lesniewska, D. and Burd, H.J. (1995) Finite Element Analysis of Reinforced Soil Retaining Walls. OUEL Report No. 2074/95, Department of Engineering Science, Oxford University.

Burd, H.J. (1994) Analysis of Membrane Action in Reinforced Unpaved Roads. OUEL Report No. 2035/94, Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford

Bell, R.W., Houlsby, G.T. and Burd, H.J. (1991) Suitability of Two and Three Dimensional Finite Elements for Modelling Material Incompressibility Using Exact Integration. OUEL Report No. 1874/91, SM116/91, Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford

Yu, H.S., Houlsby, G.T. and Burd, H.J. (1991). A Novel Isoparametric Finite Element Displacement Formulation for Axisymmetric Analysis of Nearly Incompressible Materials. OUEL Report No. 1872/91, SM114/91, Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford

Houlsby, G.T., Burd, H.J., Milligan, G.W.E., Jewell, R.A. and Brocklehurst, C.J. (1990) Research at Oxford of Reinforced unpaved Roads, 1989/90. OUEL Report No. 1820/90, SM105/90, Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford

Love, J.P, Burd, H.J., Milligan, G.W.E. and Houlsby, G.T. (1986) Analytical and Model Studies of Reinforcement of a Layer of Granular Fill on a Soft Clay Subgrade. OUEL Report No. 1660/86, SM068/86, Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford

Burd, H.J. (1986) A Snow Avalanche Barrier of Reinforced Earth at Aandalsnes: Results and Analysis of Instrumentation Data. NGI Report No. 52757-3, Norwegian Geotechnical Institute, Oslo.

Burd, H.J. and Houlsby, G.T. (1985) A Large Strain Finite Element Formulation for One Dimensional Membrane elements. OUEL Report No. 1603/85, SM061/85, Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford

Burd, H.J. and Houlsby, G.T. (1985) Finite Element Analysis of Two Cylindrical Expansion Problems Involving Near Incompressible Material Behaviour. OUEL Report No. 1580/85, SM056/85, Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford

Oldfield, M.L.G., Burd, H.J. and Doe, N.G. (1981) Design of Wide-Bandwidth Analogue Circuits for Heat Transfer Instrumentation in Transient Tunnels. OUEL Report No. 1382/81, Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford.